Auschwitz concentration camp
Well… what more should we say about the Auschwitz extermination camp? It shouldn't be necessary to explain anything about it right? So we'll stick to the cold numbers:
It is estimated that about 1.3 million people were deported to Auschwitz, including about 1.1 million Jews, 140,000 Poles, 23,000 Gypsies, 15,000 Russian prisoners of war and more than 25,000 victims of other origins.
Of the 1.3 million deportees, about 1.1 million did not survive Auschwitz. The victims included about 1 million Jews, 70,000 Poles, 21,000 Gypsies, almost all Russian prisoners of war and more than 10,000 victims of other origins.
Auschwitz was liberated on January 27, 1945 by troops of the Russian Red Army. The camps (there are several, namely: Auschwitz I (southwest of the city), Auschwitz II-Birkenau (west of the city), Auschwitz III-Monowitz (east of the city) and dozens of sub-camps still exist to a large extent and can now be visited as a memorial.
If you go, take your time. You need at least a day, so go early and book a tour as early as possible in the morning to get the necessary explanation of what you are actually seeing.